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Historians have traced the indications of human life in Abadan back to Elamite era and Achaemenid dynasty. Due to special geographical location, Abadan was of a great significance for merchants.Conveninet co-existence of diverse cultures and people with different religions during the past centuries is distinguishable from fantastic monuments of Abadan. 100 years ago when British experts and engineers were desperately performing their last exploration efforts in Masjed Soleyman, finally oil was discovered in well no. 1 of Naftoon district at the depth of 360 meters underground.

Abadan was chosen for constructing a refinery because of its strategic position and proximity to other resources. The Refinery construction project started in 1909 and its operation began in 1962 by a production capacity of 2500 barrels per day.

In 1914, the first shipment of oil products was exported from Abadan to Western countries. Abadan refinery as one of the most important centers of fuel production and distribution played such a vital role in the first and second world wars that without it the Second World War would have ended in a different way.

Global importance of Abadan refinery caused it to become the world’s focal point during nationalization of oil industry in Iran. By proposing the special offers, the British were hopeful to keep Abadan refinery in their hands. But the aware nation of Iran terminated plans of controlling Abadan Refinery by

foreigners. At last the British of Abadan refinery left the country and the oil industry got nationalized in Iran. The establishment of the first oil industry educational center throughout the middle east in Abadan which was ranked third after Manchester college of petroleum and Washington technical institute

helped Iranians very much for performing in oil industry. In 1945 Abadan refinery achieved its maximum growth and fully developed. It was also declared as the world’s largest refinery plant. After the Islamic revolution, enemies of the nation were seriously attempting to ban consequent Islamic movements in Iran. Evil spirits originated the imposed war in west and south west in borders of Iran. Close to the border city of Abadan was under a big threat, but people of Abadan fought bravely against the evil. Enemy attacks were focused on Abadan refinery. Huge firing smoke captured the plant and caused it to

shut down. During the years of conflict refinery directors and workers by applying passive defense techniques and covering sensitive equipments, sacrificing their lives and protecting Abadan refinery as a national treasure in such a way that their efforts became backbone of rebuilding the refinery after the

war. Beyond the imagination of the oil experts around the world, all the workers and employees of the oil ministry besides Abadan refinery personnel could rebuild the first phase of the refinery within less than five months. This matter has opened a new chapter for the Iranian innovations and struggles

simultaneously put the reconstruction of the war damage and rebuilding of the old and worn out machinery and equipment in their schedule. Abadan Refinery is the largest as well as the oldest refinery in Iran with the land area of 500 hectares.

After the Imposed War, reconstruction process of the refinery began with the help of the Oil Ministry experts and staff and in less than 5 months the first phase of Abadan Refinery started operating on April

1, 1989 with the capacity of 130000 barrels per day and gradually, other units were put into operation as well.

Currently, the refinery produces about 25% of the total production of the country’s refineries. Provided that operating Super-Heavy crude oil is carried out, total production will reach to 540000 barrels per day that is near the former capacity of the refinery.

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